Art and its teachings are something many consider the basis where future greats learn and cultivate their skills. Here are a few of those academies worthy of mention:
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpturing
The academy is better known in French, which is Academie royale des Beaux-Arts. The academy has been around since 1648 to provide artists with a stamp of approval, which artists at St. Luke’s could not provide. The academy existed on modeling from the Italian academy to provide an academy of their own.
The academy had been under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Colbert who had received word from king Louis XIV’s advisor that had requested that arts were of a high standard and glorified by the king. This meant the arts were required of a royal state in 1661. Charles Le Brun took over leadership of the academy in 1683, since this the academy had reached a much greater power as strict leadership was now in place. The academy added an additional section called Ecole des Eleves Proteges, which was used to provide specialized training for 3 years to winners of Prix de Rome.
Paris Opera was discovered by Louis XIV as Academie d’Opera in 1669. It is the primary opera company in France, which was placed under the leadership of Jean Baptiste Lully. The academy was later remained to Academie Royal de Musique, but was commonly known as the Opera. Classical ballet arose in the academy and became an important part of the academy and was known as Paris Opera Ballet.
In 1989 the academy became well known for the opera performances provided in the Opera Bastille, which had a modern 2,700 seat theatre. Many other operas took place in the smaller 1,970 seat theatre, which was opened in 1875. The academy also had a third theatre, which had 500 seats and was called the Amphitheatre.
The company had an annual budget of 200 million euros, which is used to run both houses and oversee the large amount of staff at the academy. Over 300 staff members are present at the academy, which includes 110 for the chorus, 150 for corps de ballet and another 170 for the orchestra.
On average the academy provides around 380 ballet, opera and other performances. The academy achieves an occupied seat rate of 94%, which means around 800,000 people visit the performances at the academy. A total of 17% of this amount is made up from travels around the world. In the season over 2012 and 2013 the academy hosted 18 opera titles, 13 ballets, 2 other vocal recites, 5 symphonic, and an additional 15 other programs. Other performances also occur at the academy, which included the Atelier Lyrique providing 7 concerts and another 4 from Ecole de Danse.
Once the academy lost Lully in 1687, the amount of workers doubled in size each year. The interest from the public was lowered and the academy successors found it more and more difficult. At the opera French composers would create new music for librettos, but these were required to firstly be approved by the directors of the company.
In 1990 the primary value of the opera moved to Opera Bastille, which became the Opera de Paris. The made the opera company regain its autonomy. The Opera de Paris changed its name once again in 1994 to Opera national de Paris